Jade plant leaves can wrinkle with a shriveling appearance when they are not watered often enough or watered too lightly. Jade plant leaves store moisture, so when they are under watered the jade plant depletes the moisture reveres in the leaves causing them to appear wrinkled.
Strong air current, too much sun and high temperatures can also cause the jade plants to use up moisture reserves from their leaves causing them to shrivel.
Soil that contains peat can also repel water when it has dried out which results in a drought stressed jade plant with wrinkled leaves.
(If your jade leaves are turning mushy or soft and turn yellow or brown rather then wrinkled read my article how to revive a dying jade plant to as this is often caused by over watering rather then under watering).
Keep reading for why your jade leaves are wrinkled and shriveling and how to solve it…
Jade Plant Leaves Wrinkled due to Drought Stress
The most common reasons for jade plant leaves to wrinkle or shrivel in appearance is because of drought stress which can be caused by under watering, watering too lightly or the potting soil has baked hard and repels water away from the roots.
Jade Plant Leaves Wrinkled due to Under Watering
Jade plants are native to South Africa where they thrive in a hot and dry climate in gritty soils, with infrequent (although heavy) rainfall.
As a strategy to cope with drought, jade plants store water in their leaves stems and roots, so when there is a period of drought they can use the moisture reserves to survive.
If the jade plant is experiencing drought stress then the depleted moisture reserves turn the leaves wrinkled, shriveled and thinner.
If your jade plant is not watered often enough or watered too lightly then this is the most likely cause of the shriveled leaves.
If the jade plant is not watered then the shriveled leaves can even drop off.
Jade plants typically require watering once every 2 weeks during active growth during the Spring and Summer and once every 3 or 4 weeks in the Winter to maintain the optimal balance of moisture so that the leaves look healthy and plump but not to risk over watering.
Watering too lightly only moistens the top inch or so of the soil, and water does not infiltrate properly and reach the roots which causes the jade leaves to wrinkle as it uses up its stored moisture.
How to Revive Wrinkled Jade Plants Due to Under Watering
- Jade plants with wrinkled leaves due to drought stress should be placed in a basin of water for 10 minutes to give the plant a good drink, as this ensures water is properly absorbed by the soil so that the roots can effectively uptake the moisture they desperately require.
- After its soak in the basin allow the soil to dry out completely. This style of a generous soak of water followed by a period of drought mimics the jade plants native environment where it typically experiences a deluge of rain followed by consistently dry weather.
- When the soil has dried out completely, this is the perfect time to give your jade plant a generous soak of water, to the extent that water trickles from the base of the pot through the drainage holes as this indicates the water has infiltrated the soil properly and reached the roots.
- Typically water your jade plants once every 2 weeks during Spring and Summer and once every 3 or 4 weeks in Winter.
If you have soaked the soil in a basin and water with a generous soak once every 2 weeks or so, the jade plant and restore the moisture in its leaves which reverses the wrinkled appearance and the plants should look healthier with 2 or 3 cycles of watering.
The key to watering jade plants to avoid the leaves wrinkling from drought and to avoid problems associated with over watering is to establish the correct watering schedule for you climate and the conditions in your home.
To establish how often to water jade plants according to the specific environment of your home, give the soil an good soak and monitor how long it takes for the soil to dry out at the bottom of the pot.
In order to do this, feel the soil through the drainage hole in the base of the pot.
If the soil feels damp still then delay watering for a few days until the soil feels somewhat dry. When the soil has dried out this is the perfect time to water you Jade plant with a good soak.
(Read my article how to water jade plants for all the best practices of watering and how to water jade plants at different times of the year).
Dry Soil Repels Water From Roots Causing Leaves to Shrivel
Jade plants are drought resistant plants that require the soil to dry out between bouts of watering to replicate the optimal watering conditions of their native, dry environment.
However this can be problematic when growing your Jade plant at home if it is planted in a potting mix that contains peat as peat is hydrophobic (repels water rather then absorbs moisture) if it has dried out completely.
The dry peat potting soil can cause water to run off the surface of the soil, down the side of your pot and out the drainage without actually reaching the roots.
This can give the appearance that the jade plant is well watered if water is trickling from drainage holes in the base of the pot but if it has run off the surface then the roots of your jade plant do not uptake the water and deplete the moisture reserves in their leaves causing them to wrinkle or shrivel.
To revive the shriveled leaves of your Jade due to water repellent soil:
- Place the the potted jade in a basin of water for 10 minutes or so to counter the water repellent affects of peat potting soil mixes. Soaking the soil allows moisture to be absorbed properly so that the jade plant roots can uptake the water they require.
- Even the soil has been soaked so that the roots can absorb water properly, the peat soil can bake hard again when it dries out between bouts of watering. Therefore it is important to soak the soil in order to loosen the soil around the root ball in order to replace the soil to prevent the problem happening again.
- Replace the soil with specially formulated succulent and cacti soil as this retains a porous structure that allows water to infiltrate properly even if it has dried out.
- Special succulent and cacti soil replicates the soil profile of the jade plants native environment which allows water to infiltrate and reach the roots yet also avoid root rot which is a common problem for jade plants.
With special succulent and cacti soil the roots of the jade plant can access moisture after watering to restore their reserves of moisture and reverse their wrinkled or shriveled appearance.
Of course this is in conjunction with good watering practices such as watering with a generous soak rather then watering too lightly.
Jade plants typically show signs of recovery after 2 or 3 watering cycles.
Excess Sun Can Contribute to Shriveling Leaves
Jade plants are able to tolerate some direct sun (which causes the leaf tips to turn a reddish color) but too much sun, particularly afternoon sun, can cause the Jade plant stress and result in leaves the wrinkle.
The best balance of sun for jade plants is up to 6 hours of morning sun followed by shade in the afternoon when temperatures are typically at their highest.
Full sun all day can contribute to increasing water loss from the leaves and cause the soil to dry out significantly quicker to the extent that the roots can struggle to uptake water before the pot has dried (this is particularly the case with small pots that conduct a heat well).
Too much sun can also cause jade plants to scorch, especially when they are moved from an area of shade to an area of intense full sun without having time to acclimate to the difference in light intensity.
Locate your Jade plant in an area of bright indirect light if the leaves are starting to shrivel so that the plant does not have to contend with intense sun and high temperatures whilst it recovers.
Water the jade plant with a generous soak ensuring all the potting soil is moist, so that the roots can uptake the water they need to restore the reserves of moisture in their leaves.
However I must emphasize that it is important to still let the potting soil dry out between bouts of water to reduce the risk of root which is a common problem for this drought resistant plant when cultivated in our homes.
With 2 or 3 cycles of watering the jade plant leaves should look less shoveled and return to their healthier appearance.
Air Conditioning and Wind Can Cause Jade Leaves to Shrivel
Excess air currents from wind, draughts, air conditioning, forced air or convection currents from sources of heat can contribute to the jade plants leaves to wrinkle
Jade plants do prefer some air flow rather then high humidity but if they are in the direct current of air conditioning then the constant stream of dry air can sap moisture from the leaves and dry out the soil quickly.
The result of this is the jade leaves losing moisture form their leaves causing them to turn thinner and wrinkle.
The solution is to simply locate your jade plant in an area of the home out of the direct path of air currents that dry the leaves.
After 2 or 3 cycles of watering the jade plants can begin to store moisture again in their leaves so they can recover from being curled or shriveled.
(Read my article, how to save a jade plant that is losing leaves).
- The leaves of the jade plant shrivel due to a lack of water. Not watering often enough or watering too lightly results in the jade plant depleting the moisture stored it its leaves which causes them to shrivel up and appear wrinkled.
- Air currents from air conditioning, too much and and high temperatures can all contribute to jade leaves shriveling and appearing wrinkled.
- Soil can repel water off the surface when it has dried out causing the jade plant to become drought stressed as the moisture does not reach the roots where it is required.
- Give jade plants a generous soak rather then a light watering and water every 2 weeks or so. Soak the soil in a basin of water if the soil repels moisture. Replace the soil with succulent and cacti soil which allows water to infiltrate even when dry. Jade plants can recover from a wrinkled appearance after 2 or 3 cycles of watering.